Motivation : Even if nowadays women study on average longer and are more qualified than men, they remain largely disadvantaged on the labor market: they usually have lower-pay (…)Read more
Employment policies have grown enormously in France. Public expenditure on labour market policies currently represents 4% of GDP (DARES, 2009). Whereas conventional policies – subsidised jobs, training programmes and early retirement schemes – affected fewer than 3 million beneficiaries, the Prime pour l'emploi (tax credit for low-wage employees) affects 7 million, and more than 10 million low-wage jobs are partially exempted from social security contributions.
Employment policies take a variety of forms: work incentives to stimulate labour supply (Prime pour l'emploi, Revenu de solidarité active), low-wage subsidies to increase labour demand (exemptions from social security contributions, supported jobs), intermediation and providing assistance for job seekers, training, etc. Evaluating the impact of these measures is not sufficient ; the coherence of these mechanisms with one another should also be evaluated, as well as with the tax and transfer system and with macroeconomic policies (minimum wage setting). The implementation of these policies at the micro-economic level should also be analysed.
IPP Focus. The work of IPP researchers relates in particular to low wage workers, the 35-hour working week and the reorganisations of companies, personalised support for job-seekers and anti-discrimination policies. The range of methods used is wide: from econometric analysis of survey data or of administrative data to ex ante modelling, with a new emphasis on social experimentation.
Programme Director: Thomas Breda
Finished Projects (2)
Motivation: This project studies the support and placement services offered by Pôle Emploi, and in particular, the new services offered to job-seekers in 2013. Project: Since the (…)Read more
Ongoing Projects (2)
Motivation: Several explanations have been put forward to explain the relatively high level of unemployment in France. Besides labour market rigidities, the structural lack of certain skills, often referred to (…)Read more
Motivation : In France, like in many countries, job seekers have the possibility to cumulate the income from a part-time job with some of their unemployment benefits, (…)Read more
IPP Report n°26 - January 2020Education, skills and skill mismatch: a review and some new evidence based on the PIAAC survey
Authors: Kentaro Asai, Thomas Breda, Audrey Rain, Lucile Romanello, Marc Sangnier
IPP Policy brief n°33 - June 2018The inefficiency of regular reliance on short-time work
Authors: Pierre Cahuc and Sandra Nevoux
IPP Policy brief n°30 - April 2018European integration and labour market policy: Political or national divides?
Authors: Pierre Boyer and Anasuya Raj
IPP Policy Brief n°29 - November 2017French employment tribunals : can the disparity of their decisions be explained?
Authors: Thomas Breda, Esther Chevrot-Bianco, Claudine Desrieux, Romain Espinosa
IPP Report n°15 - March 2016The impact of specializing French caseworkers into different counseling tracks
Authors: Luc Behaghel
IPP Report n°12 - December 2015Feminisation and firms’ economic and social performance
Authors: Thomas Breda
IPP Policy Brief n°6 - October 2013Discrimination in Hiring in France : findings and courses of action
Authors: Nicolas Jacquemet
IPP Policy Brief n°5 - April 2013The effect of the generosity of unemployment insurance
Authors: Thomas le Barbanchon
IPP Policy Brief n°4 - February 2013The subsidised temporary job policy: brake or stepping stone to a return to work ?
Authors: Antoine Terracol
IPP Policy Brief n°1 - March 2012Exempting Overtime from Taxation
Authors: Pierre Cahuc and Stéphane Carcillo